The digestive system has a very important organ called the pancreas. This is a very small organ measuring 15 cm to 25 cm. To help in digesting the food the pancreas produce digestive juices of different kinds. It is also important in producing somatostatin, glucagons and insulin which are important hormones. Pancreatic cancer is also one of the leading causes of death in people all over the world. Risk of this cancer increases as age advances.
Family history of pancreatitis:
People who eat a poor diet, obese individuals, people consuming junk food items, chain smokers, those having less intake of fresh vegetables and fruits, face greater risk of developing pancreatic cancer. In some families there is a family history of pancreatitis or cancer of the pancreases which increases the risk of pancreatic cancer. Individuals suffering from diabetes, infection of the digestive system, particular syndromes etc are also prone to cancer of the pancreas. Pancreas cancer symptoms are weakness, fatigue, diarrhea, lethargy, appetite problems, weight loss, abdominal pain, indigestion, jaundice etc.
Stools are clay colored and the patient experiences back pain, vomiting and nausea with the eyes and skin turning pale when this cancer strikes. These pancreatic cancer symptoms are very common and hence you should be able to detect the symptoms of pancreatic cancer fast. Many different methods are adopted by doctors to detect or diagnose cancer of the pancreas. Laparoscopy, abdominal MRI, Angiography, CT scan, Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangiography (PTC), ultrasound test, endoscopic ultrasound, ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography), etc are some of the methods used in diagnosing cancer of the pancreas. Tissues and cells are also taken by doctors for conducting a biopsy.
Different kinds of tests:
It is only after conducting these test that the doctor is able to come to a conclusion about the disease.
Single or multiple tests
- At times one single test is conducted or sometimes multiple techniques are also used in combination. This is done to detect any kind of abnormality. Pancreatic cancer is also termed as pancreatic carcinoma. Besides a few of these techniques for diagnosing the cancer, many other techniques are also adopted.
Serum Bilirubin and Liver Function tests
- Tests like the Serum Bilirubin and Liver Function tests get affected if a particular person suffers from pancreatic cancer. If at all needed, doctors do conduct closer diagnosis after checking pancreatic cancer symptoms.
As far as treatment is concerned, nutritional therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, medication, hormone therapy, etc are used. To remove parts that have been infected with pancreatic cancer, surgery is usually conducted. Surgery conducted to remove affected part of the pancreas is termed as Whipple Procedure or pancreaticoduodenectomy. Infected cells can be destroyed by medication as well due to which after the surgery, the person is able to regain lost strength. It is the physician who decides which treatment or different combinations prove to be the best after checking pancreatic cancer symptoms. Certain side effects can also be experienced by patients suffering from cancer of the pancreas which normally occurs. After the treatment of cancer the patient needs to have proper medicines and diet.