No organ of the body is immune to malignancies. Malignancies of any organ which is neglected leads to cancer. Cancer of the endometrial which is commonly known as lining of the uterus is common in women. When a woman is going through her menopause, within a few decades due to excessive estrogen exposure, endometrioid adenocarcinoma develops in the setting of endometrial hyperplasia that usually starts with vaginal bleeding; this is the first sign of endometrial cancer symptoms. The cancer of the uterus may cause death if undetected and the only solution to this is a surgical removal of the uterus, which is the most common medical approach.
How to Recognize the Disease
This disease is also referred to as uterine cancer, there are different types of cancers that develop from other tissues of the uterus for e.g. sarcoma of the myometrium, cervical cancer and trophoblastic disease, endometrial cancer symptoms and signs are chronic loss of blood that occurs when women ignore the symptoms of abnormal menstrual bleeding, When a woman bleeds between normal periods after the age of 40 or there is abnormal bleeding from the uterus, she may also at times get cramps in the pelvic cavity or pain in the lower abdomen or discharge of white clear liquid from the vagina after menopause.
Factors that contribute to the high risk of getting this disease are obesity, high levels of estrogen and never having been pregnant. Nulliparity hypertension, endometrial hyperplasia at the onset of menstruation diabetes, high intake of animal fat, consumption of tamoxifen, abnormal growth in the uterine lining, age of 35, ovarian cancer, pelvic radiation therapy, anovulatory cycles, breast cancer and heavy consumption of alcohol are other factors. Endometrial cancer symptoms can be detected early and thus the disease is highly curable in its early stages. As this disease normally affects woman, if they are careful and avoid the above risk factors, they can to a certain extent avoid this dreadful disease. No doubt it can be cured but chemotherapy is a very stressful and long process to kill these cancerous germs in the cells. It has a lot of side effects while the patient is under this treatment
How the disease is confirmed
When endometrial cancer symptoms appear, they are normally detected in the early stages during a routine screening and pelvic examination which is done frequently in women who are over 40. When the disease advances, there is consistency in the changes of the shape and size of the uterus and its surroundings. The test conducted is: A Pap smear may show normal or abnormal cellular changes, both endometrial and endocervical material should be sampled. If the test does not reveal sufficient diagnose material, a dilation and curettage is initiated to remove the cancer.
The presence of lesions of tumors can be seen directly by the process of Hysterospoty. The other processes are endometrial biopsy or aspiration. The other types of biopsy are pipelle biopsy and transvaginal ultrasound which is to evaluate the endometrial thickness in a woman. Endometrial cancer symptoms are not the only key to detect this disease in the early stages.